Understanding migration law
The United States Immigration law
Immigration laws in the US
- Family-based immigration law - One of the central aspects of U.S. immigration policies is keeping families together. In this law, lawful U.S. citizens are allowed to bring their families to the U.S. The family members' qualifications include being a spouse of a U.S. citizen, children of U.S. citizens, and parents of U.S. citizens. However, there is a limitation to the number of family members you can bring during a specific period.
- Temporary Visas – The law permits employers to hire foreign nationals for jobs over a limited period. In this law, the employees are not allowed to change their job. Upon the expiry of their Visas, they then leave the U.S.
- Permanent immigration – The U.S. allows about 140,000 people to have permanent visas in a year. The number includes spouses and immigrants. The most considered persons in this category are people with extraordinary abilities, highly educated people, and people willing to invest heavily into the U.S. economy.
- Refugees – Different factors make the U.S. give refugees permanent residence. Such as fear of persecution and others.
The Australian immigration law
- Student visas – The Australian government encourages students from other countries to apply to study in Australia. Getting a student visa in Australia requires an offer from the educational institution you are planning to attend.
- Skilled occupational visas – Similar to the United States, working visas in Australia highly consider skilled workers. In most cases, visas in Australia are sponsored by the individual states who want a specific skill set.
- Family visas – Australia also believes that family is a unit and grants family visas, especially to spouses and contributory parents.
- Investor visas – As a foreign national, you can invest in Australia. However, before becoming an Australian citizen, you need to take an exam and make a declaration.